How to Change a Tire

Steve Cusson
Steve Cusson

Steve is the owner of Phobia Auto Care. Steve has been a mechanic for 8 years now and just like any mechanic he started from the bottom. He worked at multiple places like Canada West Truck Center and then moved over to Cummins Western Canada.

All drivers need to know how to change a tire. A flat tire can happen anywhere, and it can be detrimental in a tight situation if you don’t see how you’re going to fix it. You may not have time to wait for roadside assistance, or you may be stuck in a remote area. You may be in an absolute rush to get to your destination and desperately need to be on time!

It is easy to change your tire and quickly get back to the road if you have the correct information and tools. 

ITEMS THAT YOU WILL NEED: HOW TO CHANGE A TIRE

These should be included with your car:

  • Jack
  • Wrench
  • Spare Tire – Make sure it is fully inflated
  • Instruction Manual for the Vehicle Owner

Any items you lose, damage, or are not included in the original care package should be replaced. You don’t have to use these items, but they are helpful to keep in your car.

  • Flashlight with batteries that are not drained – it could be dark!
  • Poncho for rainy weather
  • 2″x6″ hardwood pieces – secure the jacks
  • Gloves for grease protection
  • Wheel wedges to stop your car from rolling

How to Change a Tire: A Step by Step Guide

A. FIND A SAFE SPOT TO PULL OVER

Do not suddenly slow down or turn if you see a flat. Don’t try to change your tires while driving on a shoulder with oncoming traffic. It is better to get the rim replaced than to be hit by a distracted driver. 

Refer to your owner’s guide for the correct steps to replace your flat tire.

B. USE YOUR HAZARD LIGHTS 

 Other motorists will see flashers and hazard lights if they are on. 

C. USE YOUR PARKING BRAKE 

You must use the parking brake after your car has stopped and you are going to be working on the tire. This helps prevent injury or accident from your car rolling on its own.

D. WHEEL WEDGES 

You can fix a flat tire with wheel wedges by placing them behind or in front of the tire.

Large stones and bricks or 2″ x 6″ wood pieces work equally well.

E. TAKE OFF THE WHEEL COVER OR HUBCAP 

It is easier to remove a hubcap before lifting your car. Refer to your manual for the correct methods to remove wheel covers and hubcaps. 

F. LOOSEN THE LUG NUTS 

The wrench can be used here, turning counterclockwise. This will cause them to become less resistant. Turn the nuts 1/4 to 1/2 turn to loosen them.

G. LIFT YOUR VEHICLE

The jack should be touching the frame of your vehicle

To prevent your jack’s weight from shifting and cause it to lose balance, place a little bit of 2″ x 6″ wood underneath it.

After the jack has been appropriately installed, raise the vehicle so that the flat tire is at a minimum of six inches above the ground.

Your body and any other parts should not be under the car or jack when it is raised.

H. UNSCREW THE LUG NUTS 

 Now, you can altogether remove the lug nuts. 

I. REMOVE THE FLAT TIRES 

Take the tire with the treads on it and pull it towards yourself until it is free. Turn it so that it does not roll.

J. MOUNT THE SPARE TIRES ON THE LUG BOLT 

Now align the spare part with the lug nuts and press gently until the rim is exposed. 

K. STRENGTHEN THE LUG NUTS BY HANDS 

 You should reattach the lug nuts to the bolts. Once the vehicle has been lowered to the ground, you will tighten the bolts with the wrench. 

L. LOWER THE VEHICLE AND TIGHTEN UP THE LUG NUTS 

Lower your vehicle by using the jack. Put your entire weight into pushing the lug wrench into the ground. Turn the wrench counterclockwise to tighten the nuts.

M LOWER YOUR VEHICLE COMPLETELY 

Bring the vehicle to the ground and then use the wrench to tighten the nuts. 

N. REPLACE THE HUBCAP 

Make sure the spare tire hubcap you removed is compatible with the spare. 

O. SEEK OUT THE PRESSURE IN YOUR SPARE TIRE 

Check your spare tire’s pressure to ensure safety. You should drive to a service station immediately to check the condition of the tire.

P. GET YOUR FLAT TIRES TO A TECHNICIAN 

Temporary spare tires can’t be used for long distances or at high speeds. It is important to drive slowly until you can visit a professional to diagnose your tires’ situation.

How to Change a Tire

We hope that you remember these tips on how to change a tire the next time it happens to you. It’s a little greasy, and you may have some dark streaks on your clothing and hands—but it’s a quick and easy fix to get back on track!

And you don’t have to let it ruin your day. It’s a minor inconvenience that happens to the best of us; make sure to keep your tires aligned and visit Phobia Auto if you are in the Saskatoon region!